Ayurvediya Sarirakriya Vijnana

Ayurvediya Sarirakriya Vijnana

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Book Specification

Item Code: IHL146
Author: Vaidya Y.G. Joshi,Translated by Vaidya Priya M.Nene
Publisher: Chaukhambha Visvabharati , Varanasi
Edition: 2010
ISBN: 9788190987110
Pages: 440
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
Weight 500 gm

Book Description


Having received the priviledge for teaching the subject of Kayachikitsa to the students of Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya has helped me appreciate the importance of the basic subject of Sharir Kriya the knowledge of Sharir Kriya acquired with respect to the point of view of Chikitsa helps the students reach a better understainging.

Without a thorough comprehension of the basic concepts of ‘Dosha-Dhatu mala’ in their normal balanced state, one is unable to detect any abnormality in the condition of these or any other bodily elements.


The ‘svastha’ or the healthy state of being can be physically defined as the balanced state of the doshas in the body. Any imbalance in this state of doshas results in ill health and thence, arises the need for proper medical consultation and treatment. Thus, for offering apt medical treatment for diseases, which are the result of abnormal state of doshas, it is vital to first acknowledge the normal state of doshas. Hence, accurate discrement of the subject of kriya is vital in preparing a sound base for further studies in the field of Ayurvedic Medicine.

With the opportunity of teach Sharir Kriya as a subject, I also realized that the teaching of Sharir kriya subject combined with proper insights into Chikitsa also helps in better understanding of the fundamental concepts and philosophy of Ayurveda. This sole aim and a genuine concern towards the students of Ayurveda has initiated the writing of this volume of Sharir Kriya.

The book includes a detailed description of ‘Sharir Kriya’ as per the Ayurvedic philosophy, accompanied with an overview of the modern or allopathic subject of ‘physiology’ to complete the curriculum of the graduate course as dictated by the C.C.I.M. and accepted by the Ayurveda departments of various state universities. The book also includes as introduction to Yogashastra for a complete appreciation of the subject of Sharir Kriya.

The earlier texts on this subject authored by Vd. Mama Gokhale and Vd. S.G. Vartak provided valuable guidance in the writing of this book.

I wish to express deep appreciation for the efforts of Vd. Medha Joshi, Vd. Archana Barve and Vd. Nandini Dhargalkar, who have been helpful in the compilation of such a vast subject and also those of Vd. Priya Nene who has flawlessly translated the original Marathi version into the universal language of English.

A textbook of the fundamental principles of Ayurveda, this book shall be of immense help to students, practitioners and professors a like to reach a better understanding of the Ayurvedic philosophy and to appreciate the knowledge stored in ancient Ayurvedic texts.

About the Author

Prof. Dr. Y. G. Joshi, a renowned physician in the field of Ayurveda was born on 12th April 1936, in Nipani, Maharashtra. He completed his basic education in Nipani and then acquired the graduate degree of ‘G.F.A.M.’ in the field of Ayurveda, from the Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya Pune. He then went on to complete his post graduation ‘H.P.A.’ from Jamnagar, Gujrat.

Vd. Y.G. Joshi is the son of Vd. G.R. Joshi Panchanadikar. He finally elected to settle in the city of Pune which witnessed his growth from a young, budding Ayurvedic practioner to an eminent personality/authority in the field of Ayurveda. With immense dedication and a command over each of the topics, Vd. Joshi tutors for a varied range of subjects like. Sharir Kriya, which comprises of the fundamental principle of Ayurvedic Philosophy and Kaya chikitsa, which deals with the diagnosis and management of diseases. He sincere and consistent efforts in imparting information and knowledge regarding Ayurvedic concepts to students and laymen alike are well known. He has always been determined in creating an awareness for the science of Ayurveda in the minds of the general public and also in clearing the misconceptions regarding Ayurvedic concepts and philosophy from the minds of students and doctors from different medical pathies. He has voluntarily participated in lectures, forums and camps with the same aim and forethought in mind.

He joined the Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya in 1961 as a lecturer and practicing physicians and has graced several positions of authority thereafter. He continues to practice Ayurvedic Medicine with the attached hospital and is equally active in his own private practice.

A brief overview of several responsible possible positions held/graced by Prof. Vd. Y.G. Joshi and his participation in important projects.

Chapter Page No.
1 Introduction 3-8
Aims and objectives of Ayurveda 5
Difference similarities between Sharir Kriya and Rachana 8
2 Evolution of Universe 9-23
Definition of Sharir 9
Sankhya Philosophy 10
Ayurvedic viewpoint regarding the Process of Evolution of Universe 13
Bhutantaranupravesha 15
Purusha 17
Ayurvedic theory regarding the cause for creation of universe 17
Swabhava Vada 18
Ishwara Vada 18
Kalavada 19
Yadruchhavada 19
Niyativada 20
Parinamavada 20
3 Chikitsadhishthita Purusha 24-29
Rashi Purusha 26
Karma Purusha 27
Sanyoga Purusha 28
4 Purushajanma-Garbhotpatti 30-37
Matruja Bhava (Maternal Factors) 34
Pitruja Bhava (Paternal Factors) 35
Atmaja Bhava 35
Rasaja Bhava 36
Satvaja Bhava 36
Satmaja Bhava 36
5 The Panchamahabhuta Philosophy 38-46
Distinguishing characteristics of the mahabhutas 39
Animate and Inanimate objects 40
Constitution of Chikitsapurusha 41
Parthvia Substances 43
Apya Substances 44
Tejas Substances 44
Vayaviya Substances 45
Akashiya Substances 45
6 Atma-Jeevatma 47-52
7 Indriya Vijnana 53-70
Jnanidriya or Sensory Organs 53
Indriya Panchaka 54
Indriyartha-Subjects of knowledge or perception 55
Tulyayonitva Siddhanta-Theory of Common origin 56
Dhyanendriya 56
Sparshanidriya-Sense organ of touch (skin) 57
Chakshurindriya-Sense organ of sight 58
Rasanindriya-Sense organ of taste 59
Ghranindriya-Sense organ of smell 60
Karmindriya 60
Mana or the Mind 62
8 Digestion 71-117
Anna Prashasti Eulogy of Food Material 73
Body Nourishing Elements 76
Diet 77
Ahar-Vidhi-Visheshayatanani 79
Functional organs of digestion 82
Digestion in the Oral Cavity 85
Digestion 87
Importance of the Process of Udirana or Secretion 92
Annaprapaka 94
Functions of pachaka pitta 96
Functions of Samana Vayu 98
Concept of Agni 99
Difference between the entities of agni and pitta 101
Types of agni 105
Jatharagni 105
Bhautikagi 105
Dhatvagni 107
Incitation of vayu 107
Concept of kitta 108
Purishadhara kala and its functions 110
Production of Urine 112
Functions of apana vayu 115
Important factors in the process of digestion 116
9 Sukshma Pachana-Anupaka 118-146
Digestion at Micro levels 118
Ahara rasa 119
Nutritive and excretory material 122
Concept of anupaka 124
Functional elements in digestion at micro level 127
Sequential production of dhatus 128
Time required for production of dhatus 129
Formation of fecus and duration required for it 132
Concept of upadhatu 134
Dadhiksheera nyaya 137
Kedari Kulya theory 137
Khale Kulya theory 138
The ksheeradadhi nyaya 139
Kedarikulya nyaya 141
Khale kapota nyaya 143
10 Dosha-Dhatu-Mala 147-155
Dhatu 148
Mala 148
Dosha 149
Tridosha 150
11 Vatadosha 156-182
Evolution 156
Etymological interpretation of the word vayu 157
Alternative nomenclature 157
Functions of Vata dosha 160
Prana vayu 166
Udana Vayu 170
Samana Vayu 172
Vyana Vayu 175
Apana Vayu 177
Interrelation between the vata subtypes 179
Eulogy for vata dosha 180
12 Pittadosha 183-204
Etymology of pitta 184
Alternative nomenclature 184
Mahabhuta visesa 184
Specific attributes of pitta 185
Types of pitta 192
Pachaka Pitta 193
Ranjaka Pitta 196
Sadhaka pitta 198
Alochaka pitta 201
Bhrajaka pitta 202
Interrelation between the pitta subtypes 203
13 Kapha Dosha 205-222
Etimological derivation of the word kapha 206
Alternative nomenclature 206
Mahabhuta vishesha 206
Attributes of kapha dosha 206
Types of kapha dosha 214
Kledaka Kapha 214
Avalambaka kapha 216
Normal functions of avalambaka kapha 217
Bodhaka Kapha 218
Tarpaka Kapha 219
Shleshaka Kapha 219
Inter realationship between kapha subtypes 220
Vayu 221
Pitta 221
Kapha 222
14 A word about the Tridosha Theory 223-232
The Panchabhautika constitution of doshas 226
Vayu 228
Pitta dosha 228
Kapha dosha 229
Concept of Poshya-Poshaka dhatus 229
15 Prakruti Vijnana 233-265
Genesis of Prakruti 234
Influence of dosha attributes on expression of prakruti 237
Behavioural similitudes depending on Prakruti 238
Vata Prakruti 239
Psychological traits of vata prakruti person 243
Behavioural similitude of vata prakruti (Anukatva) 244
Pitta Prakruti 244
Psychological traits of pitta prakuti 247
Anukatva-Behavioral similituede of kapha prakruti 253
Bhautika Prakruti 254
Gunamayi Prakruti 255
Traits of Satvic Prakruti 255
Traits of Rajas Prakruti 257
Traits of tamas prakruti 258
Seven types of Prakruti 259
Examination of Prakruti 262
16 Concept of Dhatu 266-306
Rasa dhatu 267
Upadhatu and mala 269
Eulogy for Rasa Dhatu 270
Rasa Vruddhi 272
Rasakshaya 272
Rakta dhatu 273
Etimological derivation 273
Alternative names 274
Production period 275
Eulogy for rakta dhatu 279
Rakta Sara 279
Specific disease causing factors 281
Symptoms of Rakta Vruddhi 285
Symptoms of Rakta Kshaya 285
Mansa Dhatu 286
Alternative names 286
Mala and upadhatu 287
Symptoms of mansa sara 288
Symptoms of mansa vruddhi 289
Symptoms of mansa kshaya 289
Meda dhatu 289
Mala and upadhatu 290
Medasara 291
Symptoms of meda vruddhi 292
Symptoms of meda kshaya 292
Asthi Dhatu 293
Alternative names 293
Types of asthi dhatu 293
Upadhatu and mala 294
Asthisara 296
Symptoms of asthivruddhi 296
Symptoms of asthikshaya 296
Majja Dhatu 297
Types of majja dhatu 297
Upadhatu and mala 297
Majja Sara 299
Symptoms of majja vruddhi 299
Symptoms of majja kshaya 299
Shukra Dhatu 300
Alternative names 300
Types of shukra dhatu 302
Upadhatu and mala 302
Manifestation of shukra dhatu 303
Shukrasara 305
Symptoms of shukravruddhi 305
Symptoms of shukra kshaya 305
17 Concept of Updhatu 307-331
Stanya 309
Srtava 312
Etimology and atternative names 313
Symptoms of artara vruddhi 316
Symptoms of artara khsaya 316
Vasa 316
Tvacha 317
Snayu 321
Oja 323
Types of Oja 327
Symptoms of Oja vruddhi 330
Oja Vikruti 330
Oja Visransa 331
Oja Vyapad 331
Oja Kshaya 331
18 Malavichar Concept of Mala 332-344
Purisha 332
Purisha dharar kala 333
Symptoms of purisha vruddhi 335
Symptoms of purisha kshaya 336
Mutra 336
Symptoms of mutra vruddhi 337
Symptoms of mutra ksraya 338
Sweda 338
Symptoms of sweda vruddhi 340
Symptoms of sweda kshaya 340
Teeth (Dantal) 340
Nails (Nakha) 342
Kesha-Loma 342
19 Srotasa 345-351
Srotomula-Root or base of srotasa 348
20 Shwasana Kriya (Respiration) 352-359
Organs of Respiration 354
Process of respiration 355
Three steps of respiration 357
Internal respiration (Anta Swasana) 358
21 Rakta Dhatu-A Detail Study 360-375
Blood Circulaiton 360
Heart 360
Process of blood circulation 363
Heart sounds 364
Amount of blood circulated throughout the body 365
Ratkadaba (Blood Pressure) 365
Blood Circulation 366
E.C.G. 367
Portal Circulation 367
Blood 370
Red Blood Corpuscles 370
White blood Corpuscles 371
Blood Clotting 372
Blood Groups 373
22 Tongue-Organ of Speech 376-380
Speech-Pronounciation of words 377
23 Endocrine Glands 381-399
Characteristic features of endocreineal secretions 384
Prostaglandins 385
Pituitary gland 385
Thyroid Gland 388
Adrenal Glands 391
Pancreas 394
Diabetes Mellitus 395
Parathyroid glands 395
Testes 396
Ovary 397
24 Central and Autonomous Nervous System 400-408
Central Nervous System 401
Autonomic Nervous System 402
25 The Yogic Contention Regarding Vayu and Nadi Concepts 409-415
Yogic hypothesis of Vayu 409
Prana Vayu 410
Apana Vayu 410
Vyana Vayu 410
Udana Vayu 411
Samana Vayu 411
Yogic concept of nadi 411
Shatchakra 413
26 Vikruti Vijnana (Pathology) 416-440
Dosha Vaishamya 417
Common causative factors of dosha vaishamya 419
The external causative factors include 420
Different states of affected doshas 421
Sanchaya 422
Prakopa 423
Prasara 424
Sthana Sanshraya 426
Vyakti 427
Bheda 428
Dosha Gati 429
Causes of dosha prakopa and its symptoms 432
Causes of Vataprakopa 433
Symptoms of Vata vruddhi 434
Symptoms of Vata prakopa 435
Symptoms of Vata kshaya 435
Causes of Pitta Prakopa 436
Symptoms of Pitta Vruddhi 437
Symptoms of Pitta Kshaya 438
Causes of Kapha Prakopa 438
Causative factors of kapha prakopa include 438
Symptoms of Kapha Vruddhi 439
Symptoms of Kapha Prakopa 439
Symptoms of Kapha Kshaya 440

Sample Pages

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