The Best of Hiriyanna- A Selection of Papers By M. Hiriyanna on Sanskrit Language and Literature, Indian Aesthetics and Indian Philosophy

The Best of Hiriyanna- A Selection of Papers By M. Hiriyanna on Sanskrit Language and Literature, Indian Aesthetics and Indian Philosophy

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Book Specification

Item Code: UAJ017
Author: M. Hiriyanna
Publisher: W.I.S.E Words & Prekshaa Pratishtana, Bangalore
Language: English
Edition: 2018
ISBN: 9788193274231
Pages: 602
Other Details 9.00 X 6.00 inch
Weight 790 gm

Book Description

About the Book
The Best of Hiriyanna is a collection of forty-eight essays by Prof. M. Hiriyanna that sheds new light on Sanskrit Literature, Indian Aesthetics, and Indian Philosophy.

About the Author
Mysore Hiriyanna (1871-1950) was a well-known Sanskrit professor and an authority on Indian philosophy and aesthetics. Intimately familiar with the classics of Sanskrit and English, Hiriyanna devoted his life to the cause of making clear and accessible the wisdom of ancient India. He set the standard for scholars writing about Indian subjects in English. All through his life he remained a quiet, humble, disciplined, and altruistic person who primarily sought to better himself as a human being.

Indians discovered English around the same time that . the Europeans discovered Sanskrit. This led to an attempt at mutual understanding of the cultures and a serious study of each other's languages. This is an important landmark not just in the history of India but also in the history of the world.

A long list of orient lists/ideologists studied the traditional works of India, the foremost perhaps being William Jones (1746-94). A merely illustrative list will include the following names: August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767-1845), Franz Bopp (1791-1867), Rudolf von Roth (1821-93), Friedrich Max Muller (1823-1900), Albrecht Weber (1825-1901), Alfred Ludwig (1832-1912), Richard Pischel (1849-1908), Heinrich Luders (1869-1943) (GERMANY); Horace Hayman Wilson (1786-1860), Monier Monier-Williams (1819-99), Arthur Anthony Mac- donell (1854-1930), Arthur Berried ale Keith (1879-1944) (EN- GLAND); Johann Georg Buhler (1837-98) and Erich Frauwallner (1898-1974) (AUSTRIA); Emile-Louis Burnout (1821-1907) and Sylvain Levi (1863-1935) (FRANCE); Sergey Fyodorovich Old- henburg (1863-1934) and Otto Karl Julius Rosenberg (1888-1919) . (RUSSIA); and William Dwight Whitney (1827-94) and Arthur William Ryder (1877-1938) (USA).

Similarly, there were Indian thinkers and pandits who had both traditional training in the sastras as well as formal English education. These included scholars like Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar (1837-1925), Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856- 1920), M. Hiriyanna (1871-1950), Ganganatha Jha (1872-1941), Bidhusekhar Bhattacharya (1879-1958), Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880-1972), S Kuppuswami Sastri (1880-1943), Vishnu Sitaram Sukthankar (1887-1943), Gopinath Kaviraj (1887-1976), Surendranath Dasgupta (1887-1952), and Sushil Kumar De (1890-1968).

Several traditional scholars of repute did not come in contact with Western education; eminent ones include Kunigal Ramasastri, Sivakumarasastri, Damodarasastri, Bellankonda Ramaraya Kavi, Gangadharasastri, Hanagal Virupaksasastri, Vaidyanathasastri, Anantakrsnasastri, Laksmipuram Srinivasacarya, Kailasacandra, Ramakrsnasastn, and Vasudevasastri Abhyankar, Quite a few of the Western orient lists/ideologists learnt Sanskrit and read the texts in the original, but they singularly lacked the feel, for they couldn't grasp the essence of Hinduism. They were no match to the traditional scholars in grasping the spirit of Hindu thought. The traditional Indian scholars lacked the robustness of research methodology and academic rigor. They couldn't match the Western scholars in descriptive research.'

Prof. M Hiriyanna was among the first generation of scholars who overcame both these deficiencies and could 1 Hiriyanna recognized early on this shortcoming of the traditional scholars. In an essay titled The Value of Sanskrit Learning and Culture, he wrote, "By the application of what is known as the comparative method of study of Sanskrit language and literature, modern scholarship has brought to light many valuable facts about them. It will be a serious deficiency if the Pandit passes through his career as a student altogether oblivious of this new knowledge ... The excellences of the old Pandit such for example, as the depth and the definiteness of his knowledge, the clearness of his thinking and the exactness of his expression, were many. But there was a lack of historical perspective in what he knew; and he was apt to take for granted that opinions, put forward as siddhantas in Sanskrit works, had all along been in precisely the same form. We may grant that there are some fundamental tenths which never grow old; but as regards knowledge in general, change is the rule ... Two or three decades ago, our Pandits confined their attention only to the subject in which they specialized, and even there to a few chosen books related to it... But thoroughness is no antidote against the narrowness of mental outlook which such a limited course of study was bound to engender."

Book's Contents and Sample Pages

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